Nanotechnology is basically the engineering of functioning systems on a molecular level. Nanotechnology uses nano sized particles to improve the quality and durability of materials. The process of nanotechnology has caught on really fast and is growing at an impressive speed. Nanotechnology offers many advantages that lead to an overall satisfaction of the customers and manufacturers alike. It improves the features of an object making it invaluable scientific discovery.
Nanotechnology has been applied to almost all industries, from protective coating to packaging and even cosmetics. It can be applied to clean and protect surfaces as varied as metals, wood, glass, fabric, plastics and ceramics. It enhances the life of these materials by protecting surfaces against corrosive agents, UV rays of the sun and wear and tear or weathering. Using this technology can create surfaces that are resistant to scratches, water, severe temperature, graffiti and even oil. This makes the objects more durable and lessens the need for repeated cleaning. Nanotechnology also helps make surfaces resistant to weather and environment friendly.
Nanotechnology is also being incorporated in the Dental and Pharmaceutical fields. In the field of dentistry, nanotechnology has been used for dental implant surface designs. They also claim that nanotechnology can help during the healing process making the recovery much faster. Even the integrity of the implant has been improved substantially due to this process. Companies like 3i, Bicon and Straumann have adopted this technology.
Nanotechnology is also being used in Tunnel Scanning Microscopes. These microscopes make it possible to see structures on such a minute scale that they are practically invisible to the naked eye. Nanotechnology is being incorporated in the field of food packaging. Antimicrobial packaging is a form of food packaging that uses nanotechnology to create food films that are edible with materials like oregano oil. Also nano particles of zinc and calcium help to kill bacteria. Food can be kept fresher by using nano-enhanced barriers. Lobster shells and corn can be used to make nano fibers that are used to produce biodegradable packaging materials. Nanotechnology can also be used to enhance the nutritional factors of foods.
Many companies have jumped on the Nanotechnology Band Wagon. In the last ten year, numerous companies have devoted as many means as they could afford to the research and development of products that could prove the ingenious innovations that nanotechnology has to offer. Large companies dealing mostly with chemicals have used nanotechnology to refine their production and managed to get a considerable edge in the extremely competitive markets. Even small companies, with the required funding, have turned to nanotechnology.
With much about nanotechnology still unknown and so much being discovered everyday, this branch of applied science has definitely made a very strong foothold in the market and has shown immense promise for the future.